Polytechnic University of Valencia Congress, 12th international conference on ‘Advances in Steel-Concrete Composite Structures’ - ASCCS 2018

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Resistance of a steel-concrete hybrid thermal break system to low cycle fatigue under thermal actions
Benoit Le Gac, Pisey Keo, Hugues Somja, Franck Palas

Last modified: 07-05-2018


External insulation is the most widely used technique in Northern and Continental Europe.  This technique generates thermal bridges where the building facade has some projecting element like balconies.  The thermal requirements of actual standards lead to restore the continuity of the insulation at the interfaces by using thermal break systems (TBS).  They are usually made of a box containing the insulation material, and a minimalist structural system able to transmit the shear force and the bending moment from the balcony to the wall.  In most cases, structural elements are made of stainless steel, as it is less heat-conducting than normal steel.  The paper focuses on a specific TBS, that uses shear keys and steel profiles to ensure the transfer of forces.

TBS are also submitted to important horizontal cyclic shear deformations, provoked by the variations of the dimensions of the balconies due to climatic effects.  The objective of the study presented in the paper is to show that significant yielding under these cyclic actions can be accepted during service life.  First experimental cyclic loading tests have been performed in order to characterize the behaviour of the TBS, as well as its fatigue strength.  Then the loading has been defined on the basis of the database of the ECA&D, the European Climate Assessment and Dataset.  Finally, the fatigue resistance of the system has been verified.  It is shown that the developed TBS can resist to fatigue loading for large lengths of balconies, while exhibiting significant yielding during service life.


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