Polytechnic University of Valencia Congress, 12th international conference on ‘Advances in Steel-Concrete Composite Structures’ - ASCCS 2018

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Strut-and-tie model for the support of steel beams crossing concrete beams
Frédéric MARIE, Hugues SOMJA

Last modified: 13-03-2018


Steel and concrete construction can still be regarded as two distinct industrial sectors leading to separated design procedures. Even steel-concrete composite buildings remain designed as steel structures, with a limited benefit of the presence of concrete slabs.

For some years however, a more integrated design between both materials is investigated. It tries to combine them in order to take advantage from their respective qualities : the high resistance of the steel on one hand and the low cost and good fire resistance of the concrete on the other hand, for example. One of the advantages of the concrete is also the easiness in the fabrication of joints, thanks to the monolithic nature of the concrete cast in place, whereas the metallic joints by bolting or welding ask for more technical work, and represent a non-negligible part of the cost of a structure. It is therefore rather natural, in a hybrid concrete-steel conception, to try to use this advantage of the concrete.

In this context, this article presents a work that was made in the RFCS SMARTCOCO project. It focuses on the design of the support of a steel secondary beam crossing a primary beam in concrete, by simple direct contact. On the basis of an experimental campaign comprising five full-scale tests, the angle of diffusion of the forces and the distribution of the stresses in the stirrups are studied and a specific strut-and-tie model is developed. Specimens of this campaign consist of a simply supported concrete beam crossed in its middle by a steel profile, with or without stiffeners, loaded by two jacks, one at each end of the steel profile.

First the experimental campaign is described.  Then, internal stresses are compared with the predictions of a strut and tie model deduced from elastic stress trajectories.  Finally, simplified design guidance is deduced.


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