Polytechnic University of Valencia Congress, 12th international conference on ‘Advances in Steel-Concrete Composite Structures’ - ASCCS 2018

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Analysis of concrete-filled steel tubular columns after fire exposure
Carmen Ibáñez, Luke Bisby, David Rush, Manuel L. Romero, Antonio Hospitaler

Last modified: 11-05-2018

Abstract


Concrete filled steel tubular (CFST) columns have a high probability to resist high temperatures compared to steel structures, whose evaluation after a fire is limited by the resulting deformation. A better understanding of the behaviour of CFST columns after a fire, affected by the maximum temperature achieved by the concrete infill, is required to properly estimate their residual strength and stiffness in order to adopt a reasonable strategy with minimum post-fire repair. In this paper, a fiber beam model for the simulation of the post-fire response of slender concrete-filled steel tubular (CFST) columns is presented. First, the model is validated against experimental results and subsequently it is employed to analyse the post-fire response of circular CFST columns. The variation of the residual strength with the load level for realistic fire resistance times is numerically studied. Actually, in a building, the columns support load even while a fire is being extinguished, so it is important to take into account this loading condition when predicting the post-fire behaviour. Therefore, in this research, the complete analysis comprises three stages: heating, cooling and post-fire under sustained load conditions. The model considers realistic features typical from the fire response of CFST columns, such as the existence of a gap conductance at the steel-concrete interface or the sliding and separation between the steel tube and the concrete.


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