Polytechnic University of Valencia Congress, 12th international conference on ‘Advances in Steel-Concrete Composite Structures’ - ASCCS 2018

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Analysis of concrete-filled stainless steel tubular columns under combined fire and loading
Qinghua Tan, Leroy Gardner, Linhai Han, Dianyi Song

Last modified: 15-05-2018

Abstract


In fire scenarios, concrete-filled stainless steel tubular (CFSST) columns undergo initial loading at ambient temperature, loading during the heating phase as the fire develops, loading during the cooling phase as the fire dies out and continual loading after the fire. CFSST columns may fail some points during this process under combined fire and loading. In this paper, the failure modes and corresponding working mechanism of CFSST columns subjected to an entire loading and fire history are investigated. Sequentially coupled thermal-stress analyses in ABAQUS are employed to establish the temperature field and structural response of the CFSST column. To improve the precision of the finite element (FE) model, the influence of moisture on the thermal conductivity and specific heat of concrete during both the heating and cooling phases is considered using subroutines. Existing fire and post-fire test data of CFSST columns are used to validate the FE models. Comparisons between predicted and test results confirm that the accuracy of the FE models is acceptable; the FE models are then extended to simulate a typical CFSST column subjected to the entire loading and fire history. The behaviour of the CFSST column is explained by analysis of the temperature distribution, load versus axial deformation curves and failure response.


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