Polytechnic University of Valencia Congress, CARPE Conference 2019: Horizon Europe and beyond

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The Phenomenon and the Characteristics of Precariate in Hungary: Labormarket situation, Precariate, Subjective health
Renáta J Erdei, Anita R. Fedor R. Fedor

Last modified: 06-11-2019

Abstract


Anita R. Fedor- Renáta J. Erdei

Abstract

The focus of our research is labor market integration and the related issues like learning motivation, value choices, health status, family formation and work attitudes.

The research took place in  the North Great Plain Region – Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg county, Nyíregyháza, Nyíregyháza region, Debrecen, Cigánd district (exception),  we used the Debrecen and the national database of the Graduate Tracking System.

Target groups: 18-70 year-old age group, women and women raising young children, 15-29 year-old young age group, high school students (graduate ones) fresh university graduates.

The theorethical frameworks of the precariate research is characterized by a multi-disciplinar approach, as this topic has sociological, economic, psychological, pedagogical, legal and health aspects.

 

Our aim is to show whether


  1. There is relevance between the phenomenon of precariate and labor market disadvantage and how individual insecurity factors affect a person’s presence in  the labor market.
  2. How the uncertainties in the workplace appear in different regions and social groups by expanding the theoretical framework.
  3. According to Standing precariate is typical to low gualified people. But I would like to see if it also typical to highly qualifiled young graduates with favourable conditions.
  4. It is possible or worth looking for a way out of the precarious lifestyle (often caused by objective reasons) by combining and using management and education.
  5. Are there definite features in the subjective state of health of groups with classic precariate characteristics?

Results


  1. The research results demonstrate that the precarious characteristics can be extended, they are  multi-dimensional.
  2. The personal and regional risk factors of labor market exclusion can develop both in different regions and social groups.
  3. Precarized groups cannot be connected exclusively to disadvantaged social groups, my research has shown that precarious characteristics may also appear, and the process of precarization may also start among highly qualified people.
  4. Precariate is a kind of subjective and collective crisis. Its depth largely depends on the economic environment, the economic and social policy, and the strategy and cultural conditions of the region.
  5. The results show, that the subjective  health of classical precar groups is worse than the others.

Keywords


precarious lifestyle, labor market, workplace, well-being, subjective health

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