Congresos de la Universitat Politècnica de València, CIT2016. Congreso de Ingeniería del Transporte

Por defecto: 
ENVIRONMENTAL BENEFITS FROM CO2 REDUCTION, DUE TO MODAL REPLACEMENT: CASE STUDY ON LIGHT RAIL VEHICLE IN BRASILIA CITY
Paulo Henrique da Silva Costa, Leisy Mikaelly Alves Teixeira, Janaína Cardoso Pinheiro, Fabiana Serra Arruda, Augusto César de Mendonça Brasil

Última modificación: 05-06-2016

Resumen


This work aims to measure the reduction of Carbon Dioxide (CO2) emissions in atmosphere by replacing the modal urban bus by Light Rail Vehicle (VLT). In order to accomplish this objective, a case study in Brasilia, Federal District, in the stretch of VLT which passes on Via W-3 South was conducted. The Theory of Externalities that discusses the right to ownership of private and public goods and responsibilities about the positive and negative externalities caused by the agents and individuals of society was used to support the analyses. It was used the Top-Down method, which allowed the calculation the direct emissions of CO2. The values obtained on the reduction of CO2 emissions were converted into values of carbon credits as a way to economically measure such reductions.  The results showed a significant reduction in CO2 emissions per year and consequent environmental benefit.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4995/CIT2016.2016.3480

 


Palabras clave


Carbon Dioxide (CO2) emissions; Light Rail Vehicle (VLT); Top-Down method

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