Congresos de la Universitat Politècnica de València, CIT2016. Congreso de Ingeniería del Transporte

Por defecto: 
Bicycling-related accidents and factors contributing to injury
Luis Miguel González Peréz, Johan Wideberg, Borja GONZALEZ PEREZ-SOMARRIBA

Última modificación: 06-06-2016

Resumen


Objective: This study was conducted to find the epidemiological characteristics of bicycling-related maxillofacial fractures in a defined population, and identify factors contributing to injury.

Methodology: A prospective study was carried out involving patients presenting with maxillofacial fractures sustained in bicycling-related accidents.

Results: Between 908 of all cycling accidents attending for medical treatment, 122 patients (13% of all cycling accidents) were admitted with facial fractures between 2007 and 2014. Male and female ratio was 2.6:1, and the mean age was 29.4 years (standard deviation: 12.8, range: 12-79 years). Causes of injury included collisions (63%) and accidental falls (37%). The fracture patterns seen were mandibular (49%), zygomatic (32%), orbital (13%), nasal (7%), maxillary (2%), and frontal (2%). Condylar fractures were the most common of the mandibular fractures (63%). The most frequently observed concomitant lesions were orthopedic injuries.

Conclusions: Bicycling-related maxillofacial injuries are common and therefore important to identify in order to design a sustainable transport system and for units that provide assistance to traffic accident victims. Missed diagnosis or delayed treatment can lead to facial deformities and functional problems. Wearing protective helmets and the improvement of the helmets design is one aspect that would be of interest for the prevention of injuries.

Keywords: Cycling; bicycle-related trauma; maxillofacial fractures; risk factors; helmets.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4995/CIT2016.2016.3718


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