Congresos de la Universitat Politècnica de València, CIT2016. Congreso de Ingeniería del Transporte

Por defecto: 
Demand prediction model for regional railway services considering spatial effects between stations
Rubén Cordera Piñera, Roberto Sañudo, Luigi dell'Olio, Ángel Ibeas

Última modificación: 05-06-2016

Resumen


The railways are a priority transport mode for the European Union given their safety record and environmental sustainability. Therefore it is important to have quantitative models available which allow passenger demand for rail travel to be simulated for planning purposes and to evaluate different policies. The aim of this article is to specify and estimate trip distribution models between railway stations by considering the most influential demand variables. Two types of models were estimated: Poisson regression and gravity. The input data were the ticket sales on a regional line in Cantabria (Spain) which were provided by the Spanish railway infrastructure administrator (ADIF – RAM). The models have also considered the possible existence of spatial effects between train stations. The results show that the models have a good fit to the available data, especial the gravity models constrained by origins and destinations. Furthermore, the gravity models which considered the existence of spatial effects between stations had a significantly better fit than the Poisson models and the gravity models that did not consider this phenomenon. The proposed models have therefore been shown to be good support tools for decision making in the field of railway planning.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4995/CIT2016.2016.4053


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