Congresos de la Universitat Politècnica de València, CIT2016. Congreso de Ingeniería del Transporte

Por defecto: 
OPTIMIZATION MODEL FOR SCHOOL TRANSPORTATION DESIGN BASED ON ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL EFFICIENCY.
Sara Ezquerro Eguizábal, José Luis Moura Berodia, Ángel Ibeas Portilla, Juan Benavente Ponce

Última modificación: 05-06-2016

Resumen


The purpose of this paper is to design a model that allows to suggest new planning proposals on school transport, so that greater efficiency operational will be achieved.  It is a multi-objective optimization problem including the minimization of the cost of busing and minimizes the total travel time of all students. The foundation of the model is the planning routes made by bus due to changes in the starting time in schools, so the buses are able to perform more than one route.

The methodology is based on the School Bus Routing Problem, so that routes from different schools within a given time window are connected, and within the restrictions of the problem, the system costs are minimized. The proposed model is programmed to be applied in any generic case.

This is a multi-objective problem, in which there will be several possible solutions, depending on the weight to be assigned to each of the variables involved, economic point of view versus social point of view. Therefore, the proposed model is helpful for policy planning school transportation, supporting the decision making under conditions of economic and social efficiency.

The model has been applied in some schools located in an area of Cantabria (Spain), resulting in 71 possible optimal options that minimize the cost of school transport between 2,7% and 35,1% regarding to the current routes of school transport, with different school start time and minimum travel time for students.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4995/CIT2016.2016.4074


Palabras clave


school transport

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