Congresos de la Universitat Politècnica de València, CIT2016. Congreso de Ingeniería del Transporte

Por defecto: 
OPEN NOISE BARRIERS BASED ON SONIC CRYSTALS. ADVANCES IN NOISE CONTROL IN TRANSPORT INFRAESTRUCTURES
María Pilar Peiró Torres, Javier Redondo Pastor, Jose María Bravo Plana-Sala, Juan Vicente Sánchez Pérez

Última modificación: 20-07-2016

Resumen


Noise control is an environmental problem of first magnitude nowadays. In this work, we present a new concept of acoustic screen designed to control the specific noise generated by transport infrastructures, based on new materials called sonic crystals. These materials are formed by arrangements of acoustic scatterers in air, and provide a new and different mechanism in the fight against noise from those of the classical screens. This mechanism is usually called multiple scattering and is due to their structuring in addition to their physical properties. Due to the separation between scatterers, these barriers are transparent to air and water allowing a reduction on their foundations. Tests carried out in a wind tunnel show a reduction of 42% in the overturning momentum compared to classical barriers. The acoustical performance of these barriers is shown in this work, explaining the new characteristics provided in the control of noise. Finally, an example of these barriers is presented and classified according to acoustic standardization tests. The acoustic barrier reported in this work provides a high technological solution in the field of noise control.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4995/CIT2016.2016.4232


Palabras clave


acoustic barrier; environmental solutions; road traffic noise control; sonic crystals

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