Congresos de la Universitat Politècnica de València, FORTMED2015 - International Conference on Modern Age Fortifications of the Western Mediterranean coast

Por defecto: 
Las defensas del Reino de Nápoles: el caso de Castellammare di Stabia entre el ‘700 y el ‘800
Francesca Castanò

Última modificación: 17-07-2015


The historical research presents the main projects of interest in redesigning the coast of Castellammare between the 17th and 18th centuries. This port city with the Gulf of Naples and its fortified system view dates the first port expansions between 1715 and 1726. This work continued with the completion of a military arsenal in the Bourbon period, which can be considered an ambitious project during the French decade and subsequent restoration interventions.

He study shows how the redesigning of technical trajectories of the kingdom of Naples behaved under different governments, a willingness to adapt the network of coastal infrastructure and enhancement of the defense systems of military garrisons. Castellammare grew around its port. Industries increased with the creation of the Royal Glassware and commercial activities were developed thanks to the leather factories and the construction of the major cordage. The construction of the first ships and frigates of the kingdom began in the Royal Shipyard developing a defensive system of vanguard. The presence of the port, the old tradition of shipbuilding, the vast beach that stretches behind the quay; are the main reasons for choosing John Acton to establish in Castellammare the Royal Shipyard to manufacture large vessels.

In the following years, the urgent necessity to find new spaces for the manufacture of boats, evident urgency at the end of the 17th century, entailed the developing of the first most important project to expand the shipyard during the French decade. From the Murattiano epilogue, the inactivity of the naval army lasts until the twenties of 18th century, when, by order of Fernando I, the works to build the first of the three fixed berths designed by the French people restarted. Successively with Fernando II, the last phase of the works started, being perhaps the most intense modernization of the yard in order to adapt it to the new vapour technologies.


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