Congresos de la Universitat Politècnica de València, FORTMED2015 - International Conference on Modern Age Fortifications of the Western Mediterranean coast

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Una splendida cittadella fortificata a presidio dello Stretto di Messina
Massimo Lo Curzio, Marco Lo Curzio

Última modificación: 22-07-2015


The Real Citadel of Messina is among the most spectacular fortifications built in the Mediterranean in the late seventeenth century. Planned by the Spaniard rulers following the bloody suppression of the 1674-78’s revolt, Carlos de Grunenbergh conceived it according to two converging needs: controlling the Strait of Messina and inhibiting future ideas of revolt. Significant presence with a strong visual impact.

Set in the middle of the “scythe” of the natural harbour, this imposing appearance results from a well definite pentagonal layout. Conceived as a "citadel", unlike the other fortifications of the city laid out as "strongholds" on the hills, it has a considerable size and the possibility of military hosting. Today it lays in poor condition, partly destroyed, badly preserved and unfitted to a correct use. A program of actions would be advisable for its conservation in order to give the monument a new life, within an innovative circuit of functions.

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