Polytechnic University of Valencia Congress, 21st International Drying Symposium

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Relaxation of ceramic tile stresses generated by fast drying: a kinetic model
J. L. Amorós, V. Cantavella, E. Blasco

Last modified: 26-12-2018



Unfired tile mechanical properties are very important in the ceramic tile manufacturing process. Inadequate mechanical properties lead to rejects (both in unfired and fired tiles). Unfired tile mechanical strength changes significantly after the tiles exit the industrial dryer. This behaviour can be explained by assuming that the fast-drying process generates stresses in the tile, which subsequently relax. A kinetic model has been derived, based on Maxwell’s viscoelastic elements, which explains the development of dried tile mechanical strength. This increases asymptotically when the dried tiles are stored in dry conditions. However, if tiles adsorb humidity (upon exiting the dryer), tile mechanical strength rises and then decreases. This is the result of two opposing phenomena: stress relaxation raises mechanical strength while the concurrent rise in moisture content lowers mechanical strength. The developed model successfully describes this joint mechanical behaviour.

Keywords: ceramic tiles, fast drying, stress relaxation, kinetic model

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