Polytechnic University of Valencia Congress, 21st International Drying Symposium

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Modeling sorption isotherms and isosteric heat of sorption of roasted coffee beans
Gentil Andres Collazos-Escobar, Nelson Gutiérrez-Guzmán, Henry Alexander Vaquiro-Herrera, Erika Tatiana Cortes-Macias

Last modified: 02-01-2019

Abstract


The aim of this work was determine the sorption isotherms in roasted beans of specialty coffee at temperatures of 25, 30 and 40 °C and water activities between 0.1 and 0.8 using the dynamic dew point method. The experimental sorption data were modeled using 12 different equations to represent the dependence of equilibrium moisture content with aw and temperature. The net isosteric heat of sorption was determined from the experimental sorption data using the Clausius-Clapeyron equation. The Weibull model satisfactorily modeled the effect of the temperature on the hygroscopic equilibrium in roasted coffee beans (R2adj=0.902 and RMSE = 0.00550 kg·kg-1d.b.). The net isosteric heat of sorption increase with increased moisture content.

Keywords: water activity; sorption properties; equilibrium moisture content; hygroscopicity


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