Polytechnic University of Valencia Congress, 21st International Drying Symposium

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Comparison between bubbling and turbulent regime for the simulation of batch pharmaceutical powders fluidized bed drying
amel zammouri, N. Boudhrioua Mihoubi, N. Kechaou

Last modified: 02-01-2019

Abstract


The two-phase theory has been frequently used to model fluidised bed drying. At high air velocities, a transition from the bubbling regime to the turbulent regime may occur. In this work, we compare a bubbling model and a turbulent model for the simulation of a two pharmaceutical powders drying in a pilot plant and an industrial plant fluidised bed. The bubbling model was based on a discrete variable bubble size. Heat and mass transfer coefficients were based on the Kunii and Levenspiel correlation [1]. Flow regime was supposed to be completely mixed for the emulsion phase. For the turbulent model, the bubble size is not anymore discrete but continuous and bubble phase is less distinguishable than in the bubbling regime. Heat and mass transfer were those proposed by Foka[2]. In addition, the freeboard section was considered since high entrainment is specific of this regime. Gas backmixing was taken into account by considering a plug flow with axial dispersion for the interstitial gas flow. The bubble phase being dilute,  was modeled by a plug flow. A plug flow was also considered for the freeboard gas. The solid phase was supposed to be completely mixed. The bubbling regime simulation gave good agreement with experiment in the case of the pilot plant experiment, while the turbulent model better simulated the industrial scale experiment.

Key words: batch fluidized bed, pharmaceutical powder, drying, modeling, bubbling, turbulent

 


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