Polytechnic University of Valencia Congress, ILASS2017 - 28th European Conference on Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems

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Development of an evaporation model for the dense spray region in Eulerian-Eulerian multiphase flow simulations
Stefano Puggelli, Lorenzo Palanti, Antonio Andreini, François-Xavier Demoulin

Last modified: 19-07-2017


In the present study, a novel implicit numerical model to describe evaporation phenomena in the dense spray region is proposed. The main aim is to go beyond the limits of standard vaporization models, which are normally based on a dilute spray assumption, to deal with high liquid volume fractions. The proposed method is based on an a priori computation of steady state equilibrium conditions reached by a system composed by liquid, vapour and air at constant pressure combined with a modelled characteristic time of evaporation. Such equilibrium composition and temperature is then used inside numerical calculations to compute evaporation source terms. The new for-mulation allows to simulate evaporation process in the dense zone of the spray, where, due to the extremely low thermal relaxation time, classical explicit method can lead to unphysical results. Such innovative approach has been implemented in a multiphase solver in the framework of the CFD suite OpenFOAM. An Eulerian-Eulerian solver, de-rived from the Eulerian Lagrangian Spray Atomization (ELSA) model, has been used, in order to correctly describe the liquid-gas flow without assumptions on the topology of the liquid phase. Evaporation source terms have been modelled as function of the amount of surface available for mass and heat transfer. An analysis of the solver has been carried out in RANS framework in order to highlight the capabilities of the approach in dealing with high liquid volume fraction regions with a physically consistent representation of evaporation phenomena.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4995/ILASS2017.2017.4652

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