Polytechnic University of Valencia Congress, ILASS2017 - 28th European Conference on Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems

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Planar droplet sizing: Application to a spray of Jet A1 kerosene
Pierre Doublet, Christine Lempereur, Virginel Bodoc, Mikael Orain, Pierre Gajan

Last modified: 18-07-2017

Abstract


Optical techniques are  widely employed for their non-intrusive behavior and are applied to two-phase flowinvestigations. Until now, the most commonly used technique to determine the droplet size is the Phase Doppler Anemogranulometry, although it is time consuming for an overall injector characterization. An imaging technique called Planar Droplet Sizing has been used to offer an alternative and provide a spatially-resolved 2D map of the Sauter Mean Diameter (SMD). The measurement is based on the ratio between laser-induced fluorescence and scattered light intensities which are assumed to be proportional respectively to the droplet volume and droplet surface area. However, previous studies revealed that the dependence of fluorescence intensity on the droplet volume can be altered by the absorption of light in the liquid. The scattered light intensity depends on the scattering angle and intensity variations within the field of view must be avoided.The aim of this study is to make the PDS technique operational for a Jet A-1 kerosene spray. A strong absorption of liquid kerosene appears under UV excitation at 266 nm making the technique unsuitable. Under visible excitation at 532 nm, a fluorescent tracer (Pyrromethene 597) must be added to the kerosene to enhance the fluorescence signal. To prevent scattered light intensity variations within the field of view, an optimal scattering angle close to 115° is required. An image processing algorithm is proposed in order to reduce the effects ofmultiple scattering.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4995/ILASS2017.2017.4698


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