Polytechnic University of Valencia Congress, ILASS2017 - 28th European Conference on Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems

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A study of the controlling parameters of fuel air mixture formation for ECN Spray A
Konstantina Vogiatzaki, Cyril Crua, Robert Morgan, Morgan Heikal

Last modified: 18-07-2017


Designing future ultra-high efficiency, ultra-low emission engines requires an in depth understanding of the multiscale,multi-phase phenomena taking place in the combustion chamber. The performance of the fuel deliverysystem is key in the air fuel mixture formation and hence the combustion characteristics, however in most spraymodelling approaches is not considered directly. Thus, it is important to understand how the selection of modelsthat mimic injection process affect predictions. In this paper we present an Eulerian-Lagrangian framework basedon OpenFOAM libraries to model spray injection dynamics. The framework accounts for primary droplet formation(based on a parcel method with predefined initial droplet size distribution), secondary droplet breakup, evaporationand heat transfer. In order to account for the interaction of droplets with turbulence, simulations were performedwithin the LES context with two different turbulence models. A systematic variation of the key injection parameters(parcel number, parcel size distribution) of the parcel method as well as the grid size was considered. Varying theparcel number affects the initial droplet size distribution which in turn, depending on the selection of the turbulenceand the evaporation sub-models, affects: spray dispersion; spray penetration; and subsequent droplet size distribution.Results were validated against the baseline experimental data for evaporating ECN Spray A with n-dodecanechosen as a surrogate for Diesel fuel.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4995/ILASS2017.2017.4703

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