Polytechnic University of Valencia Congress, ILASS2017 - 28th European Conference on Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems

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Modelling and validation of near-field Diesel spray CFD simulations based on the Σ -Y model
J.M. Desantes, J.M. García-Oliver, J.M. Pastor, A. Pandal, B. Naud, K. Matusik, D. Duke, A. Kastengren, C. Powell, D.P. Schmidt

Last modified: 18-07-2017


Diesel spray modelling still remains a challenge, especially in the dense near-nozzle region. This region is difficultto experimentally access and also to model due to the complex and rapid liquid and gas interaction. Modelling approaches based on Lagrangian particle tracking have struggled in this area, while Eulerian modelling has proven particularly useful. An interesting approach is the single-fluid diffuse interface model known as Σ-Y, based on scale separation assumptions at high Reynolds and Weber numbers. Liquid dispersion is modelled as turbulent mixing of a variable density flow. The concept of surface area density is used for representing liquid structures, regardless of the complexity of the interface.

In this work, an implementation of the Σ-Y model in the OpenFOAM CFD library is applied to simulate the ECN Spray A in the near nozzle region, using both RANS and LES turbulence modelling. Assessment is performed with measurements conducted at the Advanced Photon Source at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL). The ultra-small- angle x-ray scattering (USAXS) technique has been used to measure the interfacial surface area, and x-rayradiography to measure the fuel dispersion, allowing a direct evaluation of the Σ-Y model predictions.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4995/ILASS2017.2017.4715

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