Polytechnic University of Valencia Congress, ILASS2017 - 28th European Conference on Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems

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Visualization of pilot flame of an optically-accessible coaxially-staged aero-engine lean-burn fuel injector
Kazuaki Matsuura, Shunya Uesaka, Tomoyuki Iwasaki, Yoji Kurosawa, Hideshi Yamada, Takeshi Yamamoto, Shigeru Hayashi

Last modified: 18-07-2017

Abstract


The visualization of the pilot flame of a coaxially-staged aero-engine lean-burn fuel injector, not only downstreambut also inside of the pilot nozzle, was successfully performed at realistic aero-engine conditions. Optical access toward the inside of the nozzle was achieved through the inner and outer shrouds, both of which were made of transparent quartz. The image distortion caused by complex contours of the two shrouds was corrected by a method based on optical ray tracing, which realized precise determination of spatial intensity distribution of optical signals. Line-of-sight OH chemiluminescence, cross-sectional OH-LIF, kerosene LIF and kerosene Mie scattering were employed as diagnostic tools. The effects of pilot local air-to-fuel ratio on spray flame structure were revealed, both inside and downstream of the pilot nozzle under stable combustions. As the pilot mixture got rich, the main reaction zone moved from inside of the pilot nozzle to the region near the injector lip downstream of the injector exit. The OH-LIF signal was detected near the central axis surrounded by the fuel spray. It was also observed near the back-step of the pilot nozzle for the rich cases. The experiments under combustion oscillation were also conducted and the correlation of phenomena inside and downstream of the pilot nozzle was captured. It was clarified that the reaction enhancement in the outer part of the lip vortex region was caused by the convectionof rich mixture, which appeared near the pilot atomizer lip at 150~210deg earlier oscillation phase angle.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4995/ILASS2017.2017.4752


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