Polytechnic University of Valencia Congress, ILASS2017 - 28th European Conference on Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems

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Experimental and Numerical Investigation of Phase Separation due to Multi-Component Mixing at High-Pressure Conditions
Christoph Traxinger, Hagen Müller, Michael Pfitzner, Steffen Baab, Grazia Lamanna, Bernhard Weigand, Jan Matheis, Christian Stemmer, Nikolaus A. Adams, Stefan Hickel

Last modified: 19-07-2017


Experiments and numerical simulations were carried out in order to contribute to a better understanding and predic-tion of high-pressure injection into a gaseous environment. Specifically, the focus was put on the phase separation processes of an initially supercritical fluid due to the interaction with its surrounding. N-hexane was injected into a chamber filled with pure nitrogen at 5 MPa and 293 K and three different test cases were selected such that they cover regimes in which the thermodynamic non-idealities, in particular the effects that stem from the potential phase separation, are significant. Simultaneous shadowgraphy and elastic light scattering experiments were conducted to capture both the flow structure as well as the phase separation. In addition, large-eddy simulations with a vapor- liquid equilibrium model were performed. Both experimental and numerical results show phase formation for the cases, where the a-priori calculation predicts two-phase flow. Moreover, qualitative characteristics of the formation process agree well between experiments and numerical simulations and the transition behaviour from a dense-gasto a spray-like jet was captured by both.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4995/ILASS2017.2017.4756

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