Polytechnic University of Valencia Congress, ILASS2017 - 28th European Conference on Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems

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Application of dry-ice for transient spray cooling
Miguel Panao, José Costa, Mário Bernardo

Last modified: 18-07-2017

Abstract


Spray cooling systems are able to remove large amounts of heat due to phase-change. Although vaporization is themost common phase-change process used in applications requiring thermal management, the use of liquids often implies the presence of a liquid film which is known to mitigate cooling performance. Thus, it is worth exploring other approaches for spray cooling avoiding liquid films. The work presented here explores sublimation using CO2 particles (dry-ice) formed through the Joule-Thomson effect. The application of interest is the molding industry, where reducing the cycle time taking advantage of the time-frame available between the mold opening and closing during the part’s extraction, allows a production increase and, consequently, a higher competitive advantage in the market. The purpose of the experiments performed in dry-ice particle spray cooling is to investigate the effect of the impingement distance (350-450mm), and injection duration, on the total energy flux removed from the surface, and cooling efficiency, in order to assess the performance of sublimation spray cooling. The results show an evolution of temperature distribution from a more homogeneous pattern with shorter pulses to a heterogeneous one for pulse durations longer than 1 s. This is particularly useful in hotspot cooling. In terms of changing the spray impact distance, the higher particle dispersion achieved with a larger distance led to a decrease in thermal performance, probably due to the saturation of CO2 close to the impact surface. However, the pattern observed for the evolution of the total energy flux removed, with a maximum around an injection duration of 0.5 s, remains unaltered. The maximum cooling efficiency, obtained for the shortest distance, is up to 30%, which is comparable to spray coolingsystems based on vaporization.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4995/ILASS2017.2017.4784


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