Polytechnic University of Valencia Congress, ILASS2017 - 28th European Conference on Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems

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Numerical analysis of sprays with an advanced collision model
Martin Sommerfeld, Santiago Lain

Last modified: 18-07-2017


Modelling of collisions between liquid droplets in the frame of a Lagrangian spray simulation has still many openissues, especially when considering higher viscous droplets and if colliding droplets have a large size difference. A generalisation of the collision maps is attempted based on the behaviour of characteristic points, namely the triple point where bouncing, coalescence and stretching separation coincide and the critical Weber-number where reflexive separation first occurs in head-on collisions. This is done by correlating experimental data with respect to the Capillary number with the Ohnesorge-number for the triple point and the critical Weber-number is also well described by a correlation the Ohnesorge-number. Based on these results the boundary line between stretching separation and coalescence is found by adapting the Jiang et al. (1992) correlation. For the upper boundary of reflexive separation the shifted Ashgriz and Poo (1990) correlation is used. It was however so far not possible to predict the lower bouncing boundary through the Estrade et al. (1999) boundary line correctly. The proposed boundary-line models were validated for various liquid, however still considering only a size ratio of one. With the developed three-line boundary model Euler/Lagrange numerical calculations for a simple spray system were conducted and the droplet collisions were analysed with respect to their occurrence. Droplet collision modelling is performed on the basis of the stochastic droplet collision  model,  also considering the influence  of impact efficiency, which so far was neglected for most spray simulations. The comparison with measurements showedreasonable good agreement for all properties.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4995/ILASS2017.2017.4785

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