Polytechnic University of Valencia Congress, ILASS2017 - 28th European Conference on Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems

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Effects of Injection Nozzle Geometry on Spray Characteristics for Direct Injection Diesel Engines
Nobushige Tamaki, Takato Harada

Last modified: 18-07-2017


Sprayatomization of the multi-hole atomization enhancement nozzle, which was invented in previous studies, is explored. The aim is to improve and obtain excellent spray characteristics. The effects of different nozzle geometries and dimensions on spray characteristics are investigated, including chamfered and rounded nozzle hole inlets and a multi-hole atomization enhancement nozzles.  It is found that the multi-hole atomization enhancement nozzle with a rounded chamfered inlet is effective in achieving a high-dispersion spray, a large spray angle and small droplets. However, it should be noted that the spray is significantly atomized and a large number of small droplets as suspended as a mist. The photographic images of the spray are taken against a white background and the boundaries between the ejected spray and the background are indistinct.  Furthermore, the breakup length is short at 3 mm for a hole diameter of 0.3 mm, the spray angle is about 70° and the Sauter mean diameter decreasesdramatically to 15 μm at a low injection pressure of 10 MPa.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4995/ILASS2017.2017.4981

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