Polytechnic University of Valencia Congress, ILASS2017 - 28th European Conference on Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems

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Spreading model for wall films generated by high-pressure sprays
Quentin Lamiel, Nicolas Lamarque, Jérome Hélie, Dominique Legendre

Last modified: 18-07-2017

Abstract


This paper presents a new model developed to predict the area of wall films that may develop in gasoline direct injection engines (GDI). In a always more restrictive legislation on gas emissions the injection process in internal combustion (IC) engines has been highlighted as a domain of great concern in order to satisfy these requirements. Many spray wall interactions models exist in literature and are included in different CFD tools. Most often they are based on the sum of single drop-wall impacts. The specificity of the present model lies in its simplicity and the way the film is treated globally. Here its propagation is predicted using a balance between the momentum given by the spray and the viscous shear stress. Jointly with the theoretical model, an experimental set-up has been built up, an optical measurement technique called Refractive Index Matching method is used to follow the development of the wall film.

It has been found that the area of the wall film is proportional to the duration of injection, while the distance betweenthe injector and the wall has not shown many influence on the evolution of area. The influence of the injection pressure has also been identified, when the pressure is doubled the radius of the film is multiplied by 3√2. Eventuallyedicts that film thickness decreases as fuel pressure rises.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4995/ILASS2017.2017.4999


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