Polytechnic University of Valencia Congress, ILASS2017 - 28th European Conference on Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems

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Properties of Fuel Spray Obtained by Electrohydrodynamic Atomization
Michel Daaboul, Nicolas Saba, Jihad Rishmany, Christophe Louste

Last modified: 18-07-2017

Abstract


Airblast atomization is com monly used to atomize fuel in aircraft engines. An annular liquid sheet is atomized bythe shear forces exerted by the co-flowing air stream. Nevertheless, this technique is less effe ctive in some specific cases, e.g. when the external air flow velocity is relatively low. Electrohydrodynamic (EHD) atomization can constitute a solution in these cases. It consists of applying an electric field between two electrodes and electricallycharging the passing carburant. This phenomenon will create instabilities within the liquid, provoking therefore its atomization. The main objective is therefore to electrically atomize a liquid sheet without the application of an external air flow like in airblast atomizers.This paper presents a novel actuator, based on dielectric barrier injection, used to induce instabilities within a plane liquid sheet of fuel similar to the annular sheet in aircraft engines. The behaviour of this atomizer was described in previous works. Several modes were observed, sometimes leading to a complete atomization, or just inducing instabilities and oscillating the liquid sheet. In the present study, only the cases where the liquid sheet is completely atomized are investigated. Images were reco rded with the help of a high speed camera. Primary atomization is only studied, secondaryatomization being neglected. The properties of the spray obtained by EHD atomization are investigated thoroughly, namely the breakup length, the mesh size, the drople t diameter, thedroplet count, etc.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4995/ILASS2017.2017.5018

 


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