Polytechnic University of Valencia Congress, ILASS2017 - 28th European Conference on Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems

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Binary cavitation in a transparent three hole GDI nozzle
Humberto Chaves, Sebastian Donath

Last modified: 18-07-2017

Abstract


A more or less real size three hole (0.1 mm diameter) transparent injection nozzle was made with 120° betweenthe orifices and an inclination of 20° to the injector axis. The geometry is similar to that of a multi hole GDI injector. Experiments are performed using n-pentane and α-methyl-naphtalene mixtures in varying composition. The flow in the orifices is observed under submerged injection conditions from downstream looking in direction of the injector using a beam splitter plate for illumination with the light from a Minilite NdYag laser that was made incoherent by fluorescence in a cuvette filled with a dilute rhodamine-ethanol mixture. The images show the appearance of cavitation depending on the cavitation number as well as on the composition of the mixture. The behaviour is not what can be expected from equilibrium thermodynamics. Due to the transient nature of the flow the n-pentane concentration cannot attain the equilibrium value one would expect and cavitation occurs at highercavitation values. Diffusion appears to play a role in the onset appearance of cavitation for binary mixtures.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4995/ILASS2017.2017.5051


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