Polytechnic University of Valencia Congress, ILASS2017 - 28th European Conference on Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems

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Fundamental analysis of liquid breakup mechanism in a rotary atomizer with square discharge orifice
Mostafa Ghorbanhoseini, Sajad Rezayat, Mohammad Farshchi

Last modified: 19-07-2017


An experimental investigation of breakup mechanism in a rotary atomizer with square shape discharge orifice atambient condition has been performed. The effects of a high aspect ratio noncircular discharge channels, particularly a square shape discharge channel, are considered. The motivation of this study is the use of this type of orifice in some small gas turbine engines as well as non-existing observation in literature concerning about high aspect ratio of discharge channel. Visualization experiments are conducted by high speed shadowgraph imaging technique with pulsed light illumination for the first time. The effects of rotational speed and volume flow rate are studied on the breakup structure. The visualizations indicates that the liquid film formed along the channel is pushed to one side of it due to Coriolis force which is dominant in this type of atomizer. Accordingly a crescent shaped liquid film is formed at the square channel exit covering two corners of the square, resulting the combination of Coriolis induced stream mode and surface tension induced stream mode breakup. Observations of the breakup process for different volume flow rates and rotational speeds indicate that the breakup of liquid film stream is dependent on injection conditions and the corresponding cross flow velocity created by atomizer rotation. The breakup regime map is provided as a function of weber number and momentum flux ratio. Four distinct regimes are identified: Rayleigh breakup, bag breakup, multimode breakup, and shear breakup. The present results leads to understandingatomization performance and creating some idea to improved spray quality in this type of atomizer.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4995/ILASS2017.2017.5640

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