Polytechnic University of Valencia Congress, 24th ISUF 2017 - City and Territory in the Globalization Age

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Morphological analysis: to evaluate the pattern of Residential building based on wind performance
yihui yang, wei you, Yunlong Peng, wowo ding

Last modified: 15-05-2018


Yihui Yang, Wei You, Yunlong Peng, Wowo Ding*,

School of Architecture and Urban Planning, Nanjing University, No.22 Hankou Rd, Jiangsu 210093, P.R.China.

E-mail:yi_hui_yang@outlook.com, youwei@nju.edu.cn, 249626020@qq.com, dww@nju.edu.cn,

Phone number:15850561165, 13852293251, +86 25 83593020,

Keyword: Residential plot, Apartment pattern, performance evaluation, wind environment

Conference topics and scale: Tools of analysis in urban morphology



Residential morphological patterns are reflection of people's living habits and tradition, local climate and building regulations, so that one of those factors could be studied through in order to understand residential morphological patterns. Based upon our previous study, we do know that in China living habits and local climate mainly influence the shape of residential buildings and apartment patterns, but we do not know whether the pattern of residential plots determined by FAR and sunshine hours are suitable for wind environment related to residential environmental quality. Therefore, it is very significant to evaluate wind environment within residential plots based on the apartment pattern controlled by various building codes. Our study focuses on the pattern of Slab apartments in Nanjing, which are mainly used in China, and selects 40 residential slices with different plot shapes, plot FAR, building heights and sizes. Based upon MATLAB, we have got all geometrical data between buildings among these slices to identify the spatial pattern character of each residential plot. Through evaluating wind environment of these slices by simulation we can obtain wind speed, pressure and age of air and choose the pattern of age of air as the main evaluation factor of wind performance. Correlation analysis will be made between the apartment patterns and pattern of age of air, by doing so, each typical space between buildings will be evaluated. Our study will reveal the relevance of apartment pattern and wind environment, which can be used to support and improve design in the future.


References(95 words)

Oke. T. R (1988) ‘Street Design and Urban Canopy Layer Climate’, Energy and Buildings11, 103-113.

Wowo Ding, Youpei Hu, Pingping Dou (2012) ‘Study on Interrelationship between Urban Pattern and Urban Microclimate’, Architectural Journal 527, 16-21.

Edward Ng, Chao Yuan, Liang Chen, Chao Ren, Jimmy C.H. Fung (2011) ‘Improving the wind environment in high-density cities by understanding urban morphology and surface roughness: A study in Hong Kong’, Landscape and Urban Planning101, 59-74.

Youpei Hu (2014) ‘A Performance-Oriented Study on the Morphological Optimization in a High Density Area Concerning Urban Heat Island Effect’, Architectural Journal 557, 23-29.






*corresponding author

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