Polytechnic University of Valencia Congress, 24th ISUF 2017 - City and Territory in the Globalization Age

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Nova Imago Urbis: the transformation of city walls in early Renaissance as a model for the contemporary city image.
Aritz Díez Oronoz

Last modified: 14-05-2018

Abstract


The introduction of the artillery in the middle 15th century represented a revolution not only from a strictly military perspective: at the same time that medieval defences become obsolete and were replaced with other kind of fortifications, the cities lost their crenelated walls and slim towers that until then had configured their image and expression. The forced loose of this medieval Imago Urbis and the urgency of finding a new formal expression for this new type of fortifications was quickly understood by the leading Italian Renaissance architects. From Francesco di Giorgio Martini to Baldassarre Peruzzi, from Giuliano da Sangallo to Michelangelo, all of them –aware of the importance of the problem­– worked on developing this new type of fortifications not only from the technical standpoint but also from its symbolic and formal approach. In Albertian terms, the goal was to search a new façade that would represent once again that “great house” that is the City.

The contribution will refer to the importance of the contributions made by these architects in this regard and of its exemplary value in facing this problem –that of the image of the city– in our cities, the contemporary ones, increasingly more and more extensive and without a definite limit.


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