Polytechnic University of Valencia Congress, 24th ISUF 2017 - City and Territory in the Globalization Age

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Morphological evolution of the fringe-belts of Krasnoyarsk
Elena Logunova

Last modified: 16-05-2018


Elena  Logunova1

Master of Urban Planning, Post-graduate student,

1Department of Urban Design and Planning, School of Architecture and Design, Siberian Federal University

Address:  79 Svobodny pr., 660041 Krasnoyarsk,  Russian Federation

E-mail: ikukina@inbox.ru , el.lgnv@yandex.ru

Scientific adviser:  Pd.D., Professor  -  I. V.  Kukina

Keywords: fringe-belt, Siberia, urban morphology, fixation line

Conference topics and scale: Tools of analysis in urban morphology

The fringe-belt concept is one of the most important concepts in urban morphology which provides a possibility to analyze existing urban layout. Urban fringe-belt phenomenon in cities of Siberia hitherto was poorly investigated. Thus, it constitutes an extremely broad research area.

Phases and processes of formation, transformation and alienation in urban fringe-belts examines at the case of Krasnoyarsk from the 17th to mid 20th centuries.  Krasnoyarsk was founded as a military stockaded town in 1628 during the first period of Siberia development and experienced  several historical stages in the process of urban growth.

Relation of changes in fringe-belts structure and political and socio-economic contexts is evidently at all periods of their physical formation.   Natural fixation lines (topographic features, body of big river, and development of small river valley) and man-made fixation lines (city walls, railway corridor) influenced to the formation and evolution processes of fringe-belts and urban fabric generally. Railway was a turning point in the city expansion and contributed to overcoming of the power natural fixation line as the Yenisei river. Unlike the urban core, right bank of Krasnoyarsk formed as a linear city with specific fringe belts.

Detailed analysis of Krasnoyarsk city plan indentifies several morphological units separated by fringe-belts. These fringe-belts are characterized by distinctive road network, variety of land-use units and heterogeneous forms in plan.  It presents difficulties for reconstruction projects of modern city. An approach for renovation of these territories needs to depend on urban morphology methodology.



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Whitehand J.W. R, Morton N. J. (2003)   ‘Fringe belts and the recycling of urban land: an academic concept and planning practice’,  Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, volume 30, p.819- 839.

Ünlü T.  (2013)  ‘Thinking about urban fringe belts: a Mediterranean perspective’,  Urban Morphology 17 (1), p. 5-20.


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