Polytechnic University of Valencia Congress, 24th ISUF 2017 - City and Territory in the Globalization Age

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Morphological evolution of the fringe-belts of Krasnoyarsk
Elena Logunova

Last modified: 16-05-2018

Abstract


Elena  Logunova1

Master of Urban Planning, Post-graduate student,

1Department of Urban Design and Planning, School of Architecture and Design, Siberian Federal University

Address:  79 Svobodny pr., 660041 Krasnoyarsk,  Russian Federation

E-mail: ikukina@inbox.ru , el.lgnv@yandex.ru

Scientific adviser:  Pd.D., Professor  -  I. V.  Kukina

Keywords: fringe-belt, Siberia, urban morphology, fixation line

Conference topics and scale: Tools of analysis in urban morphology

The fringe-belt concept is one of the most important concepts in urban morphology which provides a possibility to analyze existing urban layout. Urban fringe-belt phenomenon in cities of Siberia hitherto was poorly investigated. Thus, it constitutes an extremely broad research area.

Phases and processes of formation, transformation and alienation in urban fringe-belts examines at the case of Krasnoyarsk from the 17th to mid 20th centuries.  Krasnoyarsk was founded as a military stockaded town in 1628 during the first period of Siberia development and experienced  several historical stages in the process of urban growth.

Relation of changes in fringe-belts structure and political and socio-economic contexts is evidently at all periods of their physical formation.   Natural fixation lines (topographic features, body of big river, and development of small river valley) and man-made fixation lines (city walls, railway corridor) influenced to the formation and evolution processes of fringe-belts and urban fabric generally. Railway was a turning point in the city expansion and contributed to overcoming of the power natural fixation line as the Yenisei river. Unlike the urban core, right bank of Krasnoyarsk formed as a linear city with specific fringe belts.

Detailed analysis of Krasnoyarsk city plan indentifies several morphological units separated by fringe-belts. These fringe-belts are characterized by distinctive road network, variety of land-use units and heterogeneous forms in plan.  It presents difficulties for reconstruction projects of modern city. An approach for renovation of these territories needs to depend on urban morphology methodology.

 

References

Conzen M. P., Kai Gu, Whitehand J. W. R. (2012) ‘Comparing  traditional urban form  in China and Europe: a fringe-belt approach’  Urban Geography,  33, 1, p. 22–45.

Whitehand J.W. R, Morton N. J. (2003)   ‘Fringe belts and the recycling of urban land: an academic concept and planning practice’,  Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, volume 30, p.819- 839.

Ünlü T.  (2013)  ‘Thinking about urban fringe belts: a Mediterranean perspective’,  Urban Morphology 17 (1), p. 5-20.

 


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