Polytechnic University of Valencia Congress, 24th ISUF 2017 - City and Territory in the Globalization Age

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Linear parks understood as vertebration instruments of the city
Ignacio Bosch Reig, Luis Bosch Roig, Valeria Marcenac, Nuria Salvador Luján

Last modified: 10-07-2019

Abstract


This research raises as thesis the idea that Linear Park is an urban instrument capable of vertebrate the city and, consequently, of regenerate it.

To this end, ten parks strategically located in big cities such as Rio de Janeiro, London, Paris, Madrid, Barcelona, ​​or in medium or small cities such as Valencia, Castellón or Figueres, have been analyzed. Of this analysis we have deduced some characteristics that are considered key in the linear and transversal vertebration of the city, such as:

- Green axis-corridor approach

- Sequence of events with integration of public buildings

- Continuity derived from the union of different areas

- Promotion of active leisure activities, individual or collective: sports, cultural, ....

- Capability of relation and regeneration of ecosystems: forest, meadow, orchard, nurseries, water, city, ....

- Capability to restore environment, with reduction in CO2, in noise pollution, ...

- Establish relations between the city and the territory with definition of natural parks

- Contribute to prevent thermal inversion in the city

- Establish a beginning and an end as recognizable elements in city.

- Confrontation of opposites: static or dynamic; soft (green) or hard (pavement); unitary or fragmentary, cartesian or organic, ...

The parks thus understood can be organized in diverse typologies, such us: classic order; in net; upholstery-continuos map;  linear order with grooves, tapes or bands;  landscaper and naturalist; ... ..

 

The work delves into these themes by recognizing tools of interest such as: harmonic relationship; human scale; non-guided tours; sensory experimentation: spaces, sights, aromas, sounds, colorful, ...; unexpected and random; pragmatic and passionate; order within disorder; activation of spaces without hierarchies or apriorisms; flee from monotony; evocations; ...

 

KEY WORDS: linear park, green corridor, city vertebrador, urban regeneration, sensorial experimentation, harmonious relationship, ...

 

REFERENCES: Referred to the following urban parks: Paseo de Copacabana, 1979 Burle Max; La Vilette project 1975, León Krier; La Vilette 1981-87, Bernard Tschumi; Turia Park, 1981, Ricardo Bofill; Botanic Garden, Barcelona, ​​2002, Carlos Ferrater; Thames Barrier Park, London, 2000, Signes Group; Garden of the senses, Castellón, Del Rey-Magro; Park of the Manzanares, Madrid, Burgos-Garrido; Les Aigües Park, Figueres, Oliac-Batle; Parque Cabecera, Valencia, De Miguel-Corell-Muñoz

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